The Military branches consist of five separate services each with reserve units and National Guard. The first branch formed was the United States Army on June 14th of 1775 to unify American volunteer militias into one organized unit to fight British troops that were up until then only supported by their separate colonies. George Washington was then appointed Commander-in-Chief on July 3 shortly after the official formation of the Army. The Navy was then formed in October of 1775. Although after the initial American War for Independence the naval vessels and warships were sold and the service members were released until 1789 when the Constitution was ratified and Congress officially established the Navy in 1798 to protect interests at home and abroad primarily for seafaring warfare and peacekeeping as well as providing vessels for air and deploying ground troops. Shortly after the foundation of the Army and Navy was the foundation of the Marines. The Marines were formed in November of 1775 to serve aboard naval vessels as security as well as for land assaults and raiding parties. The United States Marine Corps is often the first force sent into combat situations and their role has expanded in the modern military. The Air Force was originally a division of the Army formed in 1920 until after World War II when it became its own official branch in 1947 as the technology of warfare changed and the modern Air Force is now a superior force in modern technology for not only air travel but for space, and computer technologies as well.
There are five US Military branches that serve our nation that include active duty members and part time reserve units as well as the Army and Air Force National Guard units. The five US Military Branches are the Army, Navy, Marines, Air Force, and Coast Guard. The Army provides support and defense over land, sea, and air and has over 500,000 active duty members. The Marine Corps is usually the first on the ground in combat situations and have a fierce reputation worldwide as an elite fighting force. The Marines have over 200,000 members ready to deploy at any given moment and can be combat ready and on the ground in less than six hours worldwide. The Navy has over 300,000 members and spans the globe to give support whenever and wherever they are needed and can deploy Marines or Air Force quickly and effectively along with protecting free trade on and under the sea with over 230 ships across the world. The Air Force was formed as its own division after World War II and has since become a technologically superior military force focusing on not only the aircraft and vehicles like the predator and F-22, but also in cyberspace warfare and aerospace technology. The United States Air Force has over 300,000 service members. The Coast Guard is the smallest of the US Military Branches serving primarily as a domestic force in waterways as well as helping in domestic conflicts, search and rescue, and other efforts such as environmental cleanups.
There are five main active duty branches of the military as well as reserve units for each branch and National Guard services for the Army and Air Force. The original forces were formed in 1775 beginning with the Army, Navy, and Marine Corps units for fighting the British troops. The Navy was actually disbanded as it was seen to be too expensive to maintain and the ships were sold and the troops released until its official reformation and permanent position in 1798 to defend against pirates and international threats. The Air force was formed later, first as a branch of the Army and later after World War II as its own independent force to keep up with the technological demands of warfare. Later came the Coast guard, though officially formed in 1915 as the combination of two separate federal forces and later have absorbed other services and has changed commands over the years from the department of transportation and currently resides under Homeland Security during wartime and reverts to the navy during peace time efforts. Each branch serves its own function with the Army and Marines primarily serving as ground forces, though sometimes taking the sea or air as well.
The 5 branches of Military serve a vital role in the defense of our country as well as providing peace keeping efforts around the world. Founded in 1775 for the defense of our nation against the British the Army was founded as a way to organize militia that were at the time only under the control of their individual colonies and the means by which to raise troops and combine American Volunteers into one fighting force. Shortly after the Navy was founded and then the Marines who served amidst naval vessels as security and for raiding parties and beach assaults. The Navy was disbanded after initial war efforts and deemed to be too expensive but was later reformed in 1798 when their importance was truly realized due to international threats and pirates and were officially reformed as a permanent branch of the military and have since served a vital role that carries into every one of the branches of military for naval defense and warfare, peace keeping efforts, and transport for the other branches around the world for land, air, and sea. The Navy also has perhaps one of the most well known of the special forces in the Navy SEALs with highly skilled soldiers. The Navy can have the Marines placed into combat in less than six hours and also serve as transport for the Air Force. The Marines are typically the first into combat situations and the first ground troops sent in.